Wampum Belts

Great Law of Peace Wampum Belts

great law of peace wampum belt


    • Tadadaho Wampum Belt marks the beginning of the Turtle Island Great Law of Peace.
    • Hiawatha Belt signifies the creation of the Haudenosaunee.
    • Circle Wampum Belt represents 50 Chiefs of the Haudenosaunee.
    • Dust Fan Wampum Belt signifies the importance of the Great Law of Peace Council members to deliberate and clear the dust from their minds to make thoughtful decisions that keep the peace and provide for the future of the seventh generation.
    • Seven Fires Wampum Belt, Anishinaabe prophecy of the seven fires, made prior to Christopher Columbus meeting the Taino Tribe in Guanahaní, Turtle Island on October 12, 1492.
    • 1610, Great Law of Peace Wampum Treaty and Concordance of Peace and Friendship with the Holy See, Pope Paul V, Head of the Catholic Church, and Sovereign Ruler of the Papal States, successor to the Roman Emperor, 1605 to 1621, with deposing power and political authority over the Catholic monarchs in Europe.
    • 1613, Gaswéñdah (Two Row) Wampum Belt – The Two Row Wampum between the Haudenosaunee, Great Law of Peace Council, Turtle Island, and the Dutch East India Company owned by Johan van Oldenbbarnevelt and the States-General of Holland, governed by William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, House of Nassau. A Dutch trading-colony was established a year later in 1614.
    • 1638, Huron Wampum Belt, Huron Tribe, Huronica, Turtle Island reaffirming the 1610 Wampum treaty with the Holy See, Pope Urban VIII, and the Haudenosaunee, and the Great Law of Peace Council.
    • Before 1700, Three Figure Welcoming Wampum Belt agreeing to shared sovereignty with the Haudenosaunee, and the Great Law of Peace Council.
    • July 21 to August 7, of 1701, Wampum Belt of The Great Peace (La Grande Paix) is made with Louis-Hector de Callière, King Louis XIV, Family of Bourbon.
    • 1712 Iroquois Tuscarora Wampum Belt is a wampum the Haudenosaunee, received from the Tuscarora Tribe asking for assistance to defend their territory.
    • 1725 Kaskaskia Illinois Alliance Wampum Belt, Chief Mamantouensa, Kaskaskia Tribe, Turtle Island, Illinois Confederacy, Great Law of Peace Council.
    • 1760 Akwesasne Wolf Belt.
    • 1764 Covenant Chain Wampum Belt, Kahnawake (Mohawk) territory, Turtle Island, with William Johnson, Major General, British Army, appointed Baron, and Superintendent of British Indian Affairs representative of King George III, Family of Hanover to join the Great Law of Peace Council.
    • November 11, 1794 Canandaigua Wampum Belt with Timothy Pickering, Official Agent and representative of President George Washington, the United States of America, and the Great Peace Council, recognizing the Great Peace Council and the United States of America as sovereign.
    • July 19, 1776, Treaty of Watertown, Alliance of Peace, and Friendship recognizing the United States of America, the Mi’kmaq Tribe, and the Great Law of Peace Council tribes as independent nations.
    • 1794 Jays Treaty Border Crossing Wampum Belt recognizing that no border exists across the original territories of Turtle Island for people of Turtle Island ancestry.
    • 1795 Myaamia Wampum Belt, Myaamia Tribe, presented to General Anthony Wayne at negotiations for the 1795 Treaty of Greenville.