Inter-Tribal Relationships

The inter-tribal relationships in the the Mi’kmaq Tribe to date, show the Tribes continued the customary practice of the Great Law of Peace political system of governance throughout Turtle Island prior to and after contact with peoples foreign to Turtle Island.

Wampum Belt Keeper

Ojigkwanong (William Commanda), Nov 11, 1913 to Aug 3, 2011, Anishinaabe Tribe, Turtle Island.  Keeper of the Seven Fires Wampum Belt, the Three Figures Wampum Belt, and the Jays’ Treaty Wampum Belt.  The Turtle Island, Great Law of Peace continues today.

Great Law of Peace Continued…

Kjisaqmaw Maupkltuk Membertou, Mi’kmaq Tribe married Marie, of the Abenaki Tribe, prior to the making of the International 1610 treaty with the Holy See, Pope Paul V.  Which Abenaki Tribe Kjisaqmaw is Marie the daughter of and what is the mtDNA haplogroup of her clan lineage?

The writing of foreigners trading in Turtle Island, mentions Kjisaqmaw Maupkltuk Membertou, avenging the murder of Panounias prior to 1610.  I suspect Keptinaq Panounias is possibly a son of Kjisaqmaw Membertou.

Panounias and his un-named wife of the Armouchiquois Tribe, Turtle Island were killed while acting as a guide for Samuel Champlain.  The Armouchiquois village at the mouth of the Saco River was call Chouacoit.

The Armouchiquois tribal territory  is from the Androscoggin River in Maine, southward to the north shore of Massachusetts,  made up of permanent villages that cultivated fields of corn, beans, and squash.

Germain Doucet, born 1641, yDNA C3b, Mi’kmaq Tribe male clan lineage.  Germain married Marie Landry, born 1646 Mi’kma’ki, Turtle Island.

Emmanuel Alexander Leborgne, born 1708, grandson of Sachem Madokawando, Penobscot Tribe, married Marie Leblanc, born 1711, grand daughter of the (unnamed Mi’kmaq wife), clan lineage mtC1c, wife of Charles St. Etienne de La Tour, born 1593, France.

Is the un-named wife of Charles St. Etienne de La Tour possibly a grand daughter of Kjisaqmaw Maupkltuk Membertou, through his son Membertouji’j Membertou?

Jean Baptiste Denny, 1712, Mi’kma’ki, Turtle Island marriage to Francoise Neptaimie, Cahokia, Illiniwek (Illinois) Confederacy, Turtle Island.

The un-named Mi’kmaq woman, mtDNA C1c, who married foreigner Guillaume Capela.  Why is the birth name of many Turtle Island women not included in colonial marriage records?

Jean and Francoise’s son, Louis Denny, born 1730, married Madeleine Marie Larocque, daughter of Marguerite Caplan, clan lineage, mtDNA C1c, Mi’kmaq Tribe, Mi’kma’ki, Turtle Island.

Jean (John) Denny, 1763, son of Louis Denny, married Dorthea Dachstaeder, Oneida Tribe, daughter of Honyerry Tewahangarahken, 1724, Mohawk Tribe, Haudenosaunee Confederacy and Sarah Tyonajanegen, 1738, Oneida Tribe, Turtle Island.

Jean (John) Baptiste Denny, born 1851, Mi’kma’ki, Turtle Island, is a hereditary Kjisaqmaw and the grandson of Anne Parabego, Mi’kmaq Tribe, and Richard Denys, of France, married 1680, Mi’kma’ki, Turtle Island.  Is Anne a daughter of the Membertou hereditary Kjisaqmaw lineage of the Mi’kmaq Tribe?

Squire Joe, born 1818, Mi’kma’ki, Turtle Island, grandson of Kjisaqmaw Maupkltuk Membertou, married Mary Ann Snake, Anishinaabe Tribe.  Grand daughter of Chief Renatus Snake, born 1766, Anishinaabe Tribe, Mnjikaning, Turtle Island.

Nancy Joe, 1852, Mi’kmaq Tribe, Edward Yellowhead, 1849, Ojibwe Tribe, Turtle Island.  Edward is the grandson of Chief William Miskwaa-aki Yellowhead, 1761.

Nogeeshik Aquash, Ojibwe Tribe, Anna Mae Aquash, born 1945, Mi’kmaq Tribe.

West Coast of Turtle Island

Joseph Poirier, born 1829 in eastern Turtle Island, worked for the foreign corporation, the Hudson Bay Company.  He married Ellen Brule, daughter of Joseph Thomas Brule and Mary Ann Shagoskatsta.

Joseph Thomas Brule is the son of Jacques, Mohawk Tribe, Hudensaunee Confederacy, and Marguerite, T’Sou-ke Village, Salish Tribe, Turtle Island.

Mary Ann Shagoskatsta is the daughter of Louis Shaegoskatsta, Mohawk Tribe, Hudensaunee Confederacy and Louise Churathea, Klamath Tribe, Turtle Island.  Further DNA testing and genealogical research will confirm how this lineage fits into the Mi’kmaq Tribe and other Turtle Island inter-tribal kinship relationships.  This lineage’s inter-tribal relationships include the Mi’kmaq Tribe, Nuu-chah-nulth Tribe, Tlingit Tribe, Haida Tribe, Klamath Tribe, Heiltsuk Tribe and the Mohawk Tribe.

Kjisaqmaw Maupkltuk Membertou’s lineage and Germain Doucet’s lineage, Mi’kmaq Tribe, is intermarried with Chief kʷuyšunum Ism Charles, signatory of a foreign corporation Hudson Bay trade treaty called “Douglas Treaty”.

The Salish tribal territory is a large unceded territory in Turtle Island with many coastal and interior villages, a functioning tribal system of governance that still practiced today, through clan long-houses, family songs and participation in the Great Law of Peace Pipe ceremonial custom.

The Salish Tribe along with other tribes of the West Coast of Turtle Island were already members of the Great Law of Peace Council, prior to the creation of the British trading dominion created by the British North America Act in 1867.

DNA Test Wampum Belts

It would be interesting to DNA test existing wampum belts to determine pre-contact Turtle Island clan lineages attached to the wampum belts of the Great Law of Peace.

Louis Riel

Louis Riel

It is important to research and document the tribal genealogy of people of Turtle Island ancestry that are classified as Metis by the Canada federal government script program to preserve the tribal genealogy of Turtle Island.

Louis Riel is of the same Boucher lineage that married into the Mi’kmaq Tribe, mtDNA B2c, clan lineage of Marie Therese, born 1668, Mi’kma’ki, Turtle Island.

Louis was born October 22, 1844, in the Deny Territory, Turtle Island.  Louis is a member of the sovereign Montagnaise (Innu) Tribe and the sovereign Chipeweyan Tribe through his father’s lineage. The Innu and Montagnais are members of the Great Law of Peace Council.

Louis Riel was not born in a foreign land and he was not a subject of the British Monarchy or its dominion government.  He was a member of a two different sovereign tribes and the Great Law of Peace Council.  Louis Riel had no legal obligation to the foreign British dominion government that governed foreign people living in  trading colonies in Turtle Island.  Louis Riel was legally obligated by his birth, ancestry and tribal membership in the Great Law of Peace Council in Turtle Island.

Ambroise Dydime LePine

Ambroise Dydime LePine was charged by the foreign British dominion government along with Louis Riel.  Ambroise was a farmer and military leader under Louis Riel, a lawyer and representative of Turtle Island, human and civil rights.

Ambroise and Louis Riel were charged with treason and sentenced to death.  Ambroise’s sentence was later commuted by Lord Dufferin of the British military.

Ambroise is a member of the Mi’kmaq Tribe and the Ojibwe Tribe, Turtle Island.  Was Ambroise LePine’s sentence commuted by the foreign dominion government because of the British Military Peace and Friendship Treaties with the Mi’kmaq?

Scrip Affidavit for Ambroise LePine

“Scrip affidavit for Lepine, Ambroise; wife: Cecile Lepine (deponent); born: Mar. 18, 1840; father: Jean Baptiste Lepine (French Canadian; mother: Julie Honore (Métis); claim no: 749; scrip no: 5833 to 5840; date of issue: June 26, 1876; amount: $160 = Demande de certificat pour Lepine, Ambroise; épouse: Cecile Lepine (témoin déposant); né(e): le 18 mars, 1840; père: Jean Baptiste Lepine (Canadien(ne) français(e); mère: Julie Honore (Métis(se)); no de réclamation: 749; no de certificats: 5833 à 5840; date d’émission: 26 juin, 1876; au montant de: 160$. pg-2 [1], pg-3 [2], pg-4 [3], pg-5 [4], pg-6 [5], [1]”

Extinguishment of Tribal Membership

Every person of Turtle Island ancestry classified as a “Metis” person can trace their ancestry to their tribe of origin.  Accepting Metis Script does not remove a person of Turtle Island ancestry from their tribe.

The British foreign government over its dominion (trade areas in Turtle Island) governed the colonists living in a foreign country, and not the Tribes of Turtle Island.  Louis Riel was murdered by a foreign British dominion government in Turtle Island for representing the sovereignty,  people and tribes of the Great Law of Peace Council in Turtle Island.